The purpose of Patent and Copyright law is to encourage the promotion of the arts and sciences. Patents and Copyrights protect ownership rights with respect to products or processes created by intellectual efforts. Trademarks protect the investments that businesses make in developing goodwill as well as protecting the geographic boundaries for their products and services. The threshold for obtaining a patent is higher than that for obtaining a Trademark or Copyright. The following links outline the theory and attainment processes for Patents, Copyrights and Trademarks.